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Essays Advantages Communism Vs Democracy

Communism vs. Democracy

Communism and Democracy are two political ideologies or philosophies that dictate how political systems should be managed. Both systems are considered to be 'left-wing' on the political spectrum and more liberal in nature than some other political ideological alternatives (i.e. fascist or conservative ideologies). This article will help you follow the key differences when trying to understand Communism vs. Democracy.

General Concept

  • Communism: To each according to their needs. The government will provide what people need and through advances in technology everyone will have an abundance to consume. It's important to note that communism is both a political ideology and a social one, in that it dictates how government and social organization will be established.
  • Democracy: Everything is decided by citizens, who all have an equal say in decisions that impact people in general. The majority wins and everything will be decided and ruled by a majority vote. Democracy is a political ideology and not a social one, in that it dictates a form of government but any form of social organization can exist around that government.

Ownership of Property

  • Communism: Communism does not allow for individuals to own anything, all property is public and can be used by those who need it (as decided by government).
  • Democracy: Individual can own personal property like homes and businesses. Some government ownership of producing assets still exists as deemed acceptable by the majority vote.

Freedom of Choice

  • Communism: Either through collective vote or the direction of government leadership all economic, social, and political decisions are dictated.
  • Democracy: Personal choice is allowed for the most part but there are limitations in place (laws) established by the majority rule government to maintain order and set certain guidelines.

Access to Services

  • Communism: Access to services is universal and the state will provide what people need in terms of health care or educational services.
  • Democracy: Access to services will vary based on what the majority rule government dictates, in some democratic countries (i.e. Canada) health and education are free to access. Alternatively, in the U.S. health care is largely private and access to service is driven by private insurers to a significant extent.

Religion

  • Communism: Religion is abolished in a communist state.
  • Democracy: Fundamentally, freedom of religion exists and is permitted, the extent to which religion impacts government varies as that will be dictated by majority rule. Some democratic states do not allow freedom of religion due to the views of the majority.

Key Economic Principles

  • Communism: The means of economic production are held in common by the people and production is organized based on the needs and will of the collective (administered by the central government). Individual economic decisions do not exist and are pre-established by the collective.
  • Democracy: Economic structures vary depending on what the majority of voters prefer. Economies in a democracy often have some form of capitalist free market economy with restrictions in place (via laws) as deemed appropriate by the majority elected government.

Communism vs. Democracy in Practice

In reality there are no truly communist states in existence, regardless of the names that certain governments have historically given to their system of government. Cuba, the Soviet Union, and China have typically referred to themselves as communist but private property and ownership were never fully established. At best they were/are all countries with a dictatorship that borrows to an extent from communist ideology.

Democratic countries span the world and the majority of developed nations have democratic political systems. North America and Europe are both almost fully democratic in terms of the government system used by countries on those continents.
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About the Author » Jeffrey Glen started writing for BusinessDictionary in November of 2013. » Read more by Jeffrey Glen.

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Is Communism a better economic system than capitalism? By Michael Kujawski

Since the beginning of the 20th century many countries have favored the economic system of communism over capitalism many political partys around the world that are communist based have the term “workers party”incuded in their name because communism is a system for the working class and capitalism is a competitive system for the upper class society to benefit. Communism was not envisioned by one person but molded and perfected by many one of the key contributors to the creation of communism was Karl Marx who wrote The Communist Manifesto which heavily criticized capitalism “The flaws Marx found in…show more content…

In a book titled the wealth of nations by Adam smith he writes “capitalism was the most logical, lucrative, and moral political and economic system. In this system, individual people are free to own property and do with it what they wish, they can also spend and earn in the manner they see fit. Privately owned property combined with the desire to earn, spend, and act productively leads to the natural market functions of the free market economy. The free market economy is dictated by competition which leads to the fairest prices and causes only the most efficient producers and consumers to benefit. Capitalism is not a political or economic philosophy that only benefits the rich but everyone, because private property exists, everyone has the chance to own, create, and earn their own living” (Smith., 10).Many countries around the world have been successful with capitalism for example the united states has run on a capitalistic system being very successful propelling the U.S to the top economic and world power in the world even Karl Marx the father of communism somewhat liked capitalism stating “No other social system in history , had proved so revolutionary. In a mere handful of centuries, the capitalist middle classes had erased almost every trace of their feudal foes from the face of the earth. They had piled up cultural and material treasures,

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