The sources part of an APA reference list are only those that are traceable, and can be used by others. Because a personal interview does not constitute recoverable data, it should not be included in an APA reference list. Instead a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation. For example: (J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008).
If you would like to include a personal interview as part of your APA reference list, then include the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview. See the fictional examples below:
Personal interview by phone
Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Telephone interview.
Personal interview by email
Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Email interview.
Personal interview in person
Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Personal interview.
Personal interview overheard and conducted by a third party
Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Personal interview with K. Walter & J. Smith.
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How to Reference an Interview in APA
Use the following template to cite an interview using the APA citation format. We also provide style guides for the MLA, Chicago, and Turabian styles. To have your bibliography or works cited list automatically made for you, check out our free APA citation maker.
Once you’re finished with your citations, we can also help you with creating an APA title page.
Important Note on Personal Interviews:
- A personal interview should NOT be included in a reference list in APA. They are not considered recoverable data (they cannot be found by a researcher). You should reference personal interviews as in-text citations instead.
- Example: (J. Doe, personal communication, December 12, 2004)
That being said, there is a general structure if you want to cite a personal interview as part of your APA works cited list:
Author, A. (Year, Month Date). Interview type.
APA format example:
Marino, B. (2014, October 18). Personal Interview.
For more information on how to cite in APA, check out the APA Style Guide.
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