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Industrial Revolution Technology Essay

Technology In The Industrial Revolution Essay

Technology In The Industrial Revolution

Changes in the way people worked, the reformation of social class structure, the concepts that people had about social classes, and the modified international balance of political power were all attributes of the Industrial Revolution. The Revolution's radical changes effected the human experience in both negative and positive means. One aspect that had a positive significant impact on the Revolution was the advancement in technology.

Exactly when the development of industry began can be answered according to different definitions of industry. Industry may be viewed in terms of energy use. The Industrial Revolution may have begun when people stopped using human and animal power, and started using some type of mechanical power source. Even though this did occur, it may suggest that the Revolution began with the first production of power through wind and water. These techniques were practiced during medieval times in the West and earlier China. But, industry may also be viewed in terms of production. This would mean that the Industrial Revolution began in the 13th century when the production of textiles and raw materials were centralized around mills. Perhaps the Revolution began once people started to change materials and the way they put them to use. One example would be the production of iron through blast furnaces. Such an invention would lead to the employment of more people during the 15th and 16th centuries. These people would then be working in one of the first factory systems in the Cottage Industry. True evolution in industry did not begin until the late 1700s.


Each aspect described in the previous paragraph led up to the Industrial Revolution in England. Each had its own developments, yet, the Industrial Revolution brought something new and unexpected to history. England began to establish a new form of industrial technology which worked simultaneously with industrial growth. Previous to the Industrial Revolution, from 1700 to 1760, industry grew only 0.7 percent. Later when the Revolution was at its height, between 1801 and 1831 industry grew 3 percent (McKay 729).

There were two key inventions that had a huge impact on the Industrial Revolution. John Kay, an English engineer invented the flying shuttle. They flying shuttle was a machine that made cotton workers capable of weaving much faster. Kay received the patent for the flying shuttle on May 26, 1733. Thirty-one years late in 1764, an English carpenter name James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny. This machine multiplied the amount of yarn produced. The only setback was that the spinning jenny produced only one type of yarn needed for weaving (Bruno 158). Then another inventor, Richard Arkwright, made the water frame. This invention made it possible to produce the other type of yarn needed and required much waterpower. The new spinning machine that Arkwright invented was made...

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The Industrial Revolution in North America

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The Technological Revolution Essay

Due to continuous innovations, the American view of science and technology is constantly fluctuating. The ever-evolving image of science and technology in the United States is usually due to how the most recent developments in science and technology contribute, whether in a perceived positive of negative light. In times such as war, where technology essentially determines the outcome, the public’s perception of technology becomes essential, as well as the implementation of said technology. Many other factors are pertinent in determining the way the public identifies science and technology. After World War II and the evolution of nuclear weapons because of the Manhattan Project, the image of science and technology evolved in the United States for a variety of reasons. These motives include noteworthy historical events in which the technology is relevant, the mutable idea of development and popular culture and the media.
After World War II, nuclear weapons dramatically grew in prominence. This omniscience of nuclear power also led to a general race to achieve technological hegemony. In 1950, only a few years after the conclusion of World War II, the Korean War began. Due to this escalation of military research because of the Korean War, “the importance of applied research in universities increased dramatically” (Hughes 113). Although universities are the premier research institutions in America, those against the war effort were appalled that such forces could simply invade universities to achieve an uncommon goal. Some, such as Alvin Weinberg, Director of the AEC Oak Ridge National Laboratories, complained about the “corruption of science by Big Science” (Hughes 128). The ‘corruption’ Weinberg refers to is the use of science to accumulate monetary gains as opposed to bettering the country as a whole. This conflicting view of science, led to many members of the public to regard science and technology as a governmental technique to increase revenue. The Vietnam War was also effective in convincing the public that America’s frequent technological advancements were cause for potential dispassion and devastation. Many Americans feared that “the scientific and engineering research and development that the military-industrial complex channeled into the work of death stole resources from the civilian needs of a country struggling with industrial decline, social inequality, persistent poverty, and environmental degradation” (Pursell 299). Due to the prospect of misusing advanced science and technology to destroy and act violently instead of aiding the ailing nation, many Americans viewed innovation as cause for malevolent acts.
Along with historical events, the changing ideas of development and progress after World War II led to the altering image of science and technology. Following World War II, there was an increased stress placed on transportation and urbanization coinciding with the period of...

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Nature of the Industrial Revolution Essay

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