Wales is a country famous for its hills, mountains and mild, damp climate... it rains a lot in Wales!
It has a population of just over three million people but there are nearly three times as many sheep and lambs in Wales as there are people!
There are five regions in Wales: the North West (home to Snowdonia National Park), the North East, Mid Wales, the South West (where the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park is located) and the South East (where the Welsh capital city Cardiff is).
Some of the many famous people who come from Wales include Sir Anthony Hopkins, Tom Jones, Shirley Bassey, Charlotte Church and Gareth Bale.
The Welsh flag has a green and white background with a red dragon. Along with Bhutan and Malta, it is only one of three countries that has a dragon on their national flag. Wales is the only country in the United Kingdom not to be represented on the Union Jack.
Saint David (known as Dewi Sant in Wales) was a Welsh Bishop during the 6th century. He was later made a saint and became the Patron Saint of Wales. On St. David's Day, 1 March, people in Wales celebrate the life of their patron saint. Celebrations include concerts, parades and food festivals. You can visit Saint David’s place of birth, St David’s (or Tyddewi in Welsh); it is the smallest city in the United Kingdom.
In the past, Wales was very famous for its coal mining industry.
Tourism is very important to Wales and the country attracts many visitors every year. Wales has five areas of outstanding natural beauty – Clwydian Range, Llyn Peninsula, Wye Valley, Gower Peninsula and the Isle of Anglesey. There are three national parks in Wales: Snowdonia, the Brecon Beacons and the Pembrokeshire Coast. They are all popular for camping, walking and climbing holidays.
The daffodil is Wales’ national flower but the leek is also a national symbol.
Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwyllllantysiliogogogoch is a town in North Wales and has the longest place name in the world. it means St Mary's Church in the hallow of the white hazel near a rapid whirlpool and the Church of St Tysilio of the red cave.
If you’re a fan of castles, Wales is the place to go. With a total of 600, Wales has more castles per square mile than any other country in the world!
Rugby is the national sport in Wales and the national team play their home games at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.
The Welsh National Anthem is called Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau which means ‘Old Land of My Fathers’.
Welsh cakes are traditional in Wales. Made from flour, sultanas, raisins, and possibly currants, as well as spices such as cinnamon and nutmeg, they are rather like a kind of flat scone and are served hot or cold, dusted with caster sugar.
The Royal Mint's headquarters is found in Llantrisant, South Wales. It makes an impressive five billion coins a year!
Prince Charles is the current Prince of Wales. The title can only be given to the eldest son of a British sovereign (king or queen), in other words the person who will succeed to the throne of Great Britain. Prince Charles was given the title in 1958 when he was just ten years old. He is the 21st Prince of Wales since King Edward I gave the title to his own son.
One of the oldest traditions in Wales, the Mari Lwyd is a midwinter "good luck" tradition that takes place any time between December and January. The Mari Lwyd is a white horse’s skull, decorated with coloured ribbons and bells, draped in white and attached to a long pole. The Mari Lwyd moves around Welsh villages from door to door and tries to "bite" innocent people, challening them to a Welsh poetry competition called the pwnco!
Homework is an important part of learning, but sometimes parents find it hard to keep up with what needs to be done. Here is a range of resources to point you in the right direction. There are also some useful tips and help sheets to improve study skills in these areas.
Does your child need help with spelling, writing or speaking English? Check our English A to Z, download the help sheets or read our tips and suggestions which we hope will get you started.
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